The Car Collection of the Museum of Technology and Communication in Szczecin, Poland

The car museum in Szczecin, specifically known as The Museum of Technology and Communication in Szczecin, comes across as a genuinely interesting collection, partially based on a private donation of 150 vehicles. It is an extremely well curated mix of unique and odd prototypes, classics, strange motorcycles, trams and buses that will surely be remembered by many locals from their childhood days. All presented in a well-lit old tram garage, with rare proper and readable English descriptions. If you ever visit yourself, set aside a couple of hours!

[Editor’s note – long time reader Sjalabais, traveled through Eastern Europe last summer. He visited some amazing museums, such as the Tatra Museum, and saw some really cool cars. Words and pictures are Sjalabais’ -KK]

Let’s start off with something recognizable, a Pobeda M20, you say? Close, it’s a Warszawa 201, the first Polish post war car. The museum’s description is as tragicomedian as they come: “On Stalin’s clear request Poland broke off the just-signed contract with the Fiat company. Instead of paying 2 million dollars to the Italians, we paid 95 million to Russians. […] [In the last two months of 1951] only 75 cars [were] manufactured, despite the fact that there had been nearly 10,000 people working at the factory.”

[Editor’s note: This Warszawa is in the national Militia livery. The Militia was replaced by the Police after the fall of communism. Same people, different uniforms.]

Polski Fiat has a couple of highly recognizable cars in their lineup, but I personally wasn’t aware that this Fiat offspring goes way back to 1932. The museum has the very first 508 III Junak, as this model was known. This car, too, was a donation to the museum, who are now looking for funds to restore it back to past glory. Polski Fiat would not spring back to life again before 1967.

The Fiat 126p “Maluch” (“Munchkin” – Eng. -KK) is the result of that collaboration, and the museum has two particularly inspiring versions on display: one closely following the aesthetics of a shopping basket, and one that looks like a proposed standard issue US export “Maluszek”.

[Editor’s note – I’m guessing the cabrio was one of many factory prototypes that exist of potential versions of the Maluch, and the Outback Maluszek is some kind of a home modification. -KK]

A heavily modified tracked version resides right next to the above two specimen:

The 125p is represented by a rare pickup version and prototype wagon…

[Editor’s note: the kombi/wagon appears to be a standard, and commonly used, ambulance model, but without the side markings.]

…and the upgraded vehicle sold as the FSO Polonez:

[Editor’s note – this is a very rare, almost obscure Polonez Coupe.]

With droopy looking cars like this one you can never really be sure: Is it British or is it Soviet? But the steering wheel location is a great indicator of whose fault this was. This is a home-made Syrena coupe, based on Poland’s famously “you can neither break it indefinitely nor repair it completely”-Syrena aka mermaid.

Making a big, somewhat luxurious car like the Warszawa would not set the tone for the post-WW2 Polish auto industry though. A less known Polish car is the Mikrus, basically an unlicensed Goggomobil copy built in 1700 specimen over two years. Tiny and expensive – priced at 50 average monthly salaries – with a two stroke 14 hp engine of 296 cc, it couldn’t compete with motorcycles, as it was intended to.

A vehicle in the same business, the Smyk (“scamper”), never made it beyond the prototype stadium. This incredibly strange vehicle was mostly made from motorcycle parts, a one cylinder four stroke engine and a motorbike gearbox with a reduction gear, effectively beating DAF to being able to go as fast in reverse as forward. At a glance, it is hard to tell which side is the front and which is the rear, so that reverse-like-a-madman-feature would have come in handy.

Another highly notable prototype is the 1983 Beskid, a proposed successor to the Maluch. If this vehicle looks familiar, the Polish have an amazing conspiracy theory ready: The front, rear, interior design, even door handles were picked up by the Renault Twingo that was presented in 1993. Incidentally, or well planned, the Twingo was shown to the public only days after the patents to the Beskid expired.

The museum has a lot of different interesting vehicles on display, from a 1957 Ursus C45 tractor, via a 1932 Stoewer V5, several trams and busses, to the fancy Iskra motorcycle – there’s a lot to read and take in.

[Editor’s note: These Jelcz buses were made under a license from the French Berliet. I was told that the Berilets has many flaws and the identical Jelcz buses were better but still problematic, even for Communist Poland times. They were operating in Warsaw when I was kid and I remember riding them. They were quieter and smoother than the Ikarus workhorses that eventually replaced them, so people liked then better. -KK]

 

7 Comments

  1. Great stuff, the streamlined motorcycle looks like an attempt at a Polish Ariel Arrow, although it looks like a shell over a conventional tube frame rather than Ariel’s sheet metal monocoque. The Jelcz busses appear to have picked up some Berliet typography as well as engineering.

  2. Renault took one look at that Beskid and immediately thought, “We need to steal that.”? Only Renault.

    The museum website is just as cheeky as their exhibit labels. There’s a new reverse-acronym for Fiat, “the Fiat 126p was called… “the Fatal Imitation of an Automobile for Tourists”; and the bon mot, “Vehicles that earned themselves a nickname can now be found only in our museum. Nobody gives names to cars designed by a computer.”

    1. Well observed. All the texts were really fun to read and the focus on the weird and obscure, with a lot of prototypes, was bull’s eye for me. Outside, there was a Polski Fiat on some sort of pulley, so my then 5 year old could lift it up and thus creating an eternal memore of amazement. They also had an entire room for kids in a science museum kind of style. And the street car property itself was amazing, too, easy to make good photos and to take in all the details.

      1. There website also alternates between calling themselves “Technology and Communication” and “Technology and Transportation”. I wonder if the donation of the collection changed the focus of the museum? I didn’t find any exhibitions listed that were communication related. I love me some cold war era radio equipment.

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